In 1999, WCS Myanmar in collaboration with the Myanmar Forest Department did a study to determine the current status and distribution of tigers, and planned an updated national strategy for tiger conservation and management. Three-year program was conducted jointly by both parties; the end product is “A National Tiger Action Plan for the Union of Myanmar” which can easily be downloaded from the internet. In this action plan, historical records of tiger occurrence in Myanmar are provided.
HMTWS – Also, HMTWS, covering 2,150 km2 area of semi-evergreen and deciduous forest habitat, is one of the most promising sites regarding the Asian largest carnivore conservation. In 2013 and 2014, our program survey teams confirmed the presence of tiger by observation of track and sign and camera trap survey as well. Again in this year, i.e. 2015, our 3-months survey confirmed that tiger could reproduce and recover in the sanctuary when protected area is properly managed and well protected in time. In HMTWS, tigers can be found from the northern border to the southern edge.
According to the Endangered Species Act (1973) and IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List, tiger is listed as an endangered species. In addition, the illusive and charismatic Asian large cat, tiger, is listed in Appendix I in CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). In Myanmar, tiger species is totally protected by the Protection of Wildlife, Wild Plants and Conservation of Natural Areas Law.