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Community-Based Natural Resource Management: Layout and Inventory of a Village Management Area in Nam Sabi, Sagaing Region, Myanmar
This document reports the latest best practices in community based natural resource management as implemented during a fieldwork performed from October 18 to November 1 2014 in the village of Nam Sabi in Hkamti District, Sagaing Region and in a small tract of forest located south of the village. The basic objective of the village work was to finalize the list of useful plant species and to select an appropriate location for the establishment of a Village Management Area (VMA); forest work was focused on laying out a baseline for the VMA and sampling two transects to train local crews in the inventory methodology.
Elephants in Asia provide young frogs with an unexpected place to live
Hoolock gibbon survey and monitoring in Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary, Sagaing Region, Myanmar
The Hoolock Gibbon survey conducted in Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary was generously funded by the Arcus Foundation. The WCS Myanmar conducted this research from 2013 to 2017 in close collaboration with the Forest Department, Nature and Wildlife Conservation Division in particular, as a long-term monitoring program of Eastern and Western Hoolock gibbons. In Myanmar, deforestation, habitat loss and hunting have caused Hoolock gibbons to be a threatened species and extirpated them from much of their historical range. Along with a few surveys for gibbon conservation, scientific information and overall conservation status of gibbon species are still poorly understood in Myanmar. WCS Myanmar working in close collaboration with the Forest Department has carried out other conservation activities in Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary concurrently with this research. Those activities include SMART patrolling, law enforcement monitoring, community led natural resource management initiatives including village consultations and land use zoning, infrastructure development for effective conservation interventions, and monitoring of land cover changes. This report thoroughly explains all these project activities over five chapters. According to these four years of research, it is learnt that, year by year, the gibbon population trend is steadily increasing while threats to gibbons have significantly decreased. This is undoubtedly a result from effective patrolling using SMART, the development of infrastructure and facilities such as ranger stations and mini training-cum-meeting hall, and empowering community members in natural resource management around the edges of the sanctuary. Another indicator of conservation success was, strongly indicated by spatial analysis of Landsat images, the significant increase of forest cover in both core area and buffer area of the sanctuary. This report explains how this long-term intervention for Hoolock Gibbon conservation within Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary has been achieved by the close collaboration between Forest Department and WCS Myanmar together with the Arcus Foundation.
Recent photographic records of Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus in the Ayeyarwady Delta of Myanmar
The distribution of the Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus (Carnivora: Felidae) in Myanmar remains poorly known owing to a paucity of verifiable field records. We here present two recent photographic records that confirm the occurrence of the Fishing Cat in the Ayeyarwady Delta of southern Myanmar. Our photographic records together with other reports and the availability of suitable wetland habitat suggest that the Ayeyarwady Delta is globally important for Fishing Cat conservation. Deforestation, driven largely by agriculture, however, is of concern for the future survival of the Fishing Cat in Myanmar. Additional surveys are warranted to further resolve the distribution of the Fishing Cat in Myanmar.
Geochelone platynota - giantism (2019)
Global conservation status of Turtles
Falcaustra tintliwni (Bursey & Platt 2018)
"ျမန္မာ့ႀကိမ္မ်ား"စာအုပ္သည္ နယူးေယာက္ ႐ုကၡေဗဒဥယ်ာဥ္ (NYBG)၊ သားငွက္ ထိန္းသိမ္းေရးအဖြဲ႕ (WCS)ႏွင့္ သယံဇာတႏွင့္ သဘာဝပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ထိန္းသိမ္းေရးဝန္ႀကီးဌာန (Myanmar Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation - MONREC) တို႔၏ ၁၄ ႏွစ္ၾကာပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္ရြက္မႈမွ ထြက္ေပၚလာေသာ ရလဒ္ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ဤစာအုပ္၏ ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္မွာ ကမၻာေပၚတြင္ အဖိုးအတန္ဆုံးႏွင့္ က်ယ္ျပန႔္စြာ အသုံးအဝင္ဆုံးေသာ သစ္မဟုတ္သည့္ သစ္ေတာထြက္ပစၥည္း တစ္ခုျဖစ္သည့္ ႀကိမ္ကို ထိန္းသိမ္းေစာင့္ေရွာက္ေရးႏွင့္ ေရရွည္သုံးစြဲနိုင္ေရးတို႔ ျမႇင့္တင္ရန္အတြက္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ဤစာအုပ္သည္ အုန္းထန္းမ်ိဳးရင္းဝင္ အပင္မ်ားကို အမ်ိဳးအစားခြဲျခင္း၊ လူထုပိုင္သစ္ေတာသိပၸံပညာရပ္ (community forestry)၊ ေရရွည္ၾကည့္ ရင္းျမစ္အသုံးခ်မႈႏွင့္ ျမန္မာ့ႀကိမ္ႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္သူမ်ား အားလုံးအတြက္ တန္ဖိုးရွိလွေသာ ေရးသားျပဳစုမႈ တစ္ရပ္ပင္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ "ျမန္မာ့ႀကိမ္မ်ား" စာအုပ္သည္ စာဖတ္သူကို ႀကိမ္ပင္မ်ား အမ်ိဳးအစား ခြဲျခားရာ၌လည္းေကာင္း၊ ေတာထဲ၌ ႀကိမ္ပင္မ်ား မည္သို႔မည္ပုံေပါက္ေရာက္၍ မည္သို႔မည္ပုံ အသက္ရွင္သန္ရန္ ႀကိဳးပမ္းပုံတို႔ကို ပိုမို နားလည္သေဘာေပါက္လာေစရန္ အေထာက္အကူ ျပဳပါလိမ့္မည္။ ဤစာအုပ္သည္ ေဒသတြင္း ေနာက္ထပ္ ႐ုကၡေဗဒဆိုင္ရာ စူးစမ္းရွာေဖြေဖာ္ထုတ္ျခင္း၊ သုေတသနျပဳရန္ စုေဆာင္းျခင္းႏွင့္ သုေတသန မွတ္တမ္းတင္ျခင္းတို႔အတြက္ ဆြဲေဆာင္မႈတစ္ခု ျဖစ္လာလိမ့္မည္ဟု ေမၽွာ္လင့္မိပါသည္။ ထို႔အျပင္ ဤစာအုပ္သည္ ႀကိမ္ရိုင္းမ်ိဳးတူပင္စုမ်ား (wild rattan populations) ကို ထုတ္ယူအသုံးခ်ရာတြင္ ယခုထက္ ပိုမို ေရရွည္ၾကည့္သည့္စနစ္မ်ား (sustainable systems) ဖြံ့ၿဖိဳးလာေစေရးအတြက္ အေျခခံအုတ္ျမစ္ေကာင္းတစ္ခု ျဖစ္လာလိမ့္မည္ဟုလည္း ေမၽွာ္လင့္မိပါသည္။
Rattans of Myanmar (English Version)
Rattans of Myanmar is the result of a 14-year collaborative effort between the New York Botanical Garden, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Myanmar Program, and the Forest Department of the Myanmar Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC) to promote the conservation and sustainable use of one of the most valuable and widely used non-timber forest products in the world. This volume is a valuable contribution to palm systematics, community forestry, sustainable resource use, and to all of the stakeholders involved with rattan in Myanmar. This book will help you identify rattans and will give you a greater understanding of how rattans grow and maintain themselves in the forest. It is our hope that the Rattans of Myanmar will provide an incentive for further botanical exploration, collection, and documentation of local rattans, and will eventually form the foundation of more sustainable systems for exploiting wild rattan populations. We thank you for your interest in the rattans of Myanmar and hope you find this book useful.
Characterization of fisheries and marine wildlife occurrence in southern Rakhine State and western Ayeyarwady Region, Myanmar
Myanmar’s marine resources are important for the country’s national development as well as for local livelihoods. During July 2017 – July 2018, WCS in collaboration with Pathein University’s Marine Science Department, the Rakhine Coastal Resource Conservation Association (RCA), and other partners, conducted a marine fisheries activity and socio-economic assessment in order to develop a deeper understanding of the fishing communities and marine wildlife occurrence along Myanmar’s western coastline – the Mawtin Coast - in southern Rakhine State and western Ayeyarwady Region. The scope of the assessment covered both inshore and offshore fisheries, as well as key marine wildlife species including: cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises), sea turtles, Dugong, elasmobranchs (sawfish, sharks, and rays), and salt water crocodiles. In short, we conducted participatory mapping of coastal fishing grounds and gear use across 13 communities and interviewed 481 inshore fisher households and 36 offshore fishers to better understand socioeconomic conditions. Our results revealed a total of 18 different major gear types currently utilized by inshore fishers. Mapping of coastal fishing grounds, gears used, and fishing practices provides a better understanding of local resource use and dependence, and its relevance to coastal livelihoods. A number of specific recommendations are provided for future efforts to advance sustainable fisheries and co-management, as well as informing marine spatial planning, biodiversity conservation, and marine protected area development. This report will therefore prove valuable for a wide variety of stakeholders to support sustainable fisheries and marine biodiversity conservation in the Mawtin Coast region and more broadly across Myanmar.
Annex 1 & 2
Burmese flapshell turtle behavior and Rathke's glands (Hamadryad 2018)
Birds of western Myanmar (Forktail - 2017)
A Conservation Assessment of the Critically Endangered Burmese Star Tortoise in Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary, Myanmar
Howard, R. 2018. Marine Biodiversity of Myeik Archipelago Survey Results 2013-2017 and Conservation Recommendations

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